Year: 2017

How to mix cement tile adhesive

master puts the ceramic tiles on the floor

So, you’ve finally chosen your new tiles to transform your kitchen, bathroom or conservatory floor, and, although, it has taken a while to choose the tiles, you’re more than happy with your choice and are ready to improve your home’s interior.

However, whilst you have chosen your ideal internal tiles, it is extremely important not to overlook which cement tile adhesive you use, and, ultimately, you should ensure you mix the cement tile adhesive correctly.

Many people are under the impression that the tile adhesive is not important inside the property as they say that internal tiles are not left open to stress from harsh weather conditions or corrosion. That, however, is untrue, after all, internal tiles should be applied equally strongly for durability and for supreme interior quality.

Here’s a few tips on how to mix cement tile adhesive:

Before you start

Make sure the surface you are applying your tiles to is dry and acrylic primed. Make sure your floors are covered and the room is prepared for the tiling work.

Make sure you have all the tiling equipment you need to hand, including safety goggles or glasses, and gloves.

You will need to make sure that you purchase the correct type of adhesive for the surface you are applying the tiles on to. It is also highly important to abide by the manufacturer instructions on adhesive you are using. Many of the instructions will be slightly different, so make sure you are following the correct instructions.

Advice when applying the tiles

Take your time when applying the tiles to the surface and make sure you are working for precision and accuracy. Taking time and care makes a huge difference between a professional project and a mediocre job.

Although applying adhesive is extremely important for the success of the tile installation, all you need is practice and dedication to get it right. So, don’t panic! Here’s some advice when applying the tiles with adhesive.

Keep calm and apply the adhesive accurately

When applying the tiles with the cement adhesive, the following points can make the job simpler to complete and leave an improved finish:

  • Use a spirit level before you apply the tile adhesive to make sure the surface is level or flat.
  • Use a drill and mixing paddle to mix the cement adhesive by adding water to the powder.
  • Make sure there are no lumps in the adhesive and it is the consistency of a thick paste.
  • Spread the adhesive with a notched trowel to cover the surface.
  • Place the first tile securely into the adhesive and slide away about 5 mm then back, using a batten for support and leaving enough space between each tile.
  • Check frequently that the tiles are aligned flush with the wall, using a spirit level.
  • Don’t apply too much adhesive, the adhesive should not fill the grout lines.
  • If any adhesive gets onto the tiles, make sure you wipe it off straight away with a damp sponge.
  • Once all the tiles are applied, leave the adhesive to dry thoroughly before continuing with the grouting.

More tiling advice from UK Pro Tiling Training

If you would like some more information about tiling from UK Pro Tiling Training, then take a look at our website’s Guides section.

Guide to multi-coloured wall tiles

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Very nice new multi-colored tiles with a lot of colors

A home is a place of character, as well as function and, ultimately, there is nothing that makes a house more plentiful than colour.

Whether you usually opt for splashes of colour amongst the décor, block walls, bright wallpaper or opt for colour on all walls of the house, colour makes a big difference to a home and often defines a property’s overall style.

The impact that colour has on a property means that many home owners often think twice when it comes to choosing multi-coloured wall tiles. And with good reason.

After all, when you choose multi-coloured wall tiles, you need to consider what colours will suit your home, the tile pattern, the price of the project and how you”d like the tiles arranged.

That said, when thought about and planned properly, multi-coloured wall tiles make for a fantastic interior addition to a home. Therefore, here’s our guide to multi-coloured wall tiles:

What to consider before investing in multi-coloured wall tiles

Will multi-coloured wall tiles suit your project?

We”ve all seen those bathrooms that feature black and white tiles in a checkerboard pattern that simply look horrific in some properties. In others, however, this pattern of tile looks luxurious and sophisticated. This could be due to many reasons. Dark colours don’t always work well in a room that doesn’t receive enough natural sunlight, it may also be because it is too small or because it has an unusual shape for dark and/or patterned tiles. Essentially, there are many factors to consider before investing in your multi-coloured tiles.

You’ll need to think about:

  • The shape of your room and the area to be tiled
  • How much sunlight the room receives
  • The style of your property’s interior

How you will choose your colour

Some people out there will be lucky enough to have the means to ask an interior designer their views on colour, however, the rest of us out there will simply be equipped with a Dulux colour guide, the internet, a tester paint pot and sample tiles.

Therefore, a good way of considering colour is referring to a colour wheel. This can help compare colours and help you choose colours more precisely. Essentially, you’ll find different shades of the colours you are looking for and match accordingly.

Will you DIY or invest in a professional tiler?

There is something much more impressive and accurate about have professionally installed tiles, when the job is completed by a well-trained tiler. What’s more, when it comes to multi-coloured tiles you”d benefit from the knowledge of a professional tiler when it comes to laying the tiles in a pattern. Although you may have a strict budget, employing a professional tiler can help you save money on the initial cost of the tiles (as they may have a trade account with a tile dealer) and can also minimise the amount of excess tiles.

If you are doing a DIY tiling job, however, feel free to browse our guides for help when installing your tiles. As we”ve said, however, it is particularly recommended that multi-coloured tiles are laid by a professional tiler for accuracy, precision and an excellent finish.

How will the tiles be arranged?

There are many tiling patterns you may wish to choose from when it comes to installing your multi-coloured tiles. You may choose to accentuate certain features of a room, or choose a mirror-image pattern style.

You may want to refer to our guide to installing multi-coloured kitchen tiles or our guide to common tiling patterns for some more inspiration!

What all tilers should know about wood effect tiles

Close up of wood-like floor tile. Ceramic tile with wooden structure in close up - useful background.

Wooden floors are a popular choice amongst many homeowners, often chosen instead of carpet for their sophisticated appearance and ease of cleaning. Wooden floors are effective in modern homes with a contemporary interior, as well as more traditional interiors.

What’s more, the up and coming trend for interior flooring is wood-effect tiles. Favoured for their elegant appearance and ease of maintenance, floor tiles that look like laminate flooring planks are setting a new interior property style that everybody is after. As a result, these wood effect floor tiles are a big thing at the moment in the tiling world and if you”re not aware of them as a tiler, you”re missing a trick.

In fact, these wood effect tiles are really exciting and allow tilers to work on projects in the home beyond the realms of the kitchen and bathroom. After all, some people would like wood effect tiles throughout the whole downstairs of the house, while others choose them for the lounge, bedrooms, conservatories and more.

So, how do you lay wood effect tiles and what variations can we expect to see in this up and coming range of tiles?

Variations of wood effect tiles

Wood tiles come in various types of wood and tiling styles. Long floor tiles are a particularly favoured style of wood tile, due to the fact they leave a chic and sophisticated look, as well as being simple to install. Essentially, wood effect long floor tiles are popular for their practicality and how close they are to real wood floor.

Choose from a range of wood types: Oak, ebony and pine, to name just a few. What’s more, you can choose from different shades of woods and colours, which can again, enhance the type of tiling pattern you opt for.

Of course, more intricate tiling patterns will require smaller wood effect tiles, however, many people favour the long floor tiles to be as similar as possible to genuine wood floor.

How to lay wood effect tiles

There are various wood effect tiling styles, all of which have something different to offer in terms of their overall look. Take a look at just a few of the tiling patterns possible with wood effect tiles.


Often the favourite tiling style in properties where the owner would like a wider-looking floor, opting for long wood effect floor tiles and having them laid in a brick pattern is a sure-fire way to a make a room look more spacious and is ideal for open plan areas.


The Herringbone pattern is an intricate tiling pattern that consists of rectangular tiles positioned in a parallel line at a 45-degree angle, the pattern then features another row of tiles lined up in a mirror image next to them.


Many customers may choose a random pattern to go with the shape of their room, or may have a preference of how they would like the wood floor tiles placed.

More information from UK Pro Tiling Training

We will, of course, cover long floor tiles in our advanced courses at UK Pro Tiling Training. However, if you are a past student or would like some more information about this up and coming trend, please do not hesitate to contact us, we”re happy to help!

What is natural stone?

Natural stone colorsIf you are familiar with the tiling industry and different types of tiles, then you’ll have heard about various options of floor and wall tiling that can be used in various applications. Some choices of tiling materials are made from natural stone, rather than manmade materials like vinyl and laminate tiles.

Natural stone tiles are, essentially, one of the more popular tiling applications. Loved for their unique aesthetic and natural appearance, tiling with natural stone is a key skill for tilers to develop and will undoubtedly be a required task in any tiler’s career. We offer a natural stone tiling course for anyone wanting to get into working with natural stone.

However, what exactly is natural stone? And what should you consider before applying natural stone tiles?

Types of Natural Stone

Natural stone is, ultimately, any type of stone that has been taken from the earth and is primarily the stone quarried from mountain ground. The types of natural stone commonly used in tiling are:

  • Slate. Slate is generally quarried in fine layers and ranges in colour from light to dark grey, depending on the type of slate you opt for.
  • Granite. Granite is a highly durable tiling material and is heavily resistant to dirt. Granite is, therefore, a popular material for floor tiles that have heavy use and/or high levels of foot traffic.
  • Limestone. Softer choices of limestone tiles should be used in areas where the floor is not in constant use. There is also the option of harder limestone that tends to be darker in colour than softer limestone choices.
  • Basalt. Basalt shares many similarities with granite. It is a very hard natural stone, sourced from volcanoes, and is dark grey in colour.
  • Quartzite. Quartzite has a sparkling finish and is becoming increasingly popular in kitchen applications.
  • Marble. Marble is known for its beautiful and long-lasting applications. Marble has connotations of luxury and tradition.
  • Sandstone. Sandstone is popular for country-style properties. Sandstone tiles are known for their smooth appearance and natural edge.
  • Travertine. Travertine tiles generally have a lighter appearance and are a popular type of tile for many building projects.

What to consider when choosing your natural stone tiles

Before purchasing your natural stone tiles, you should ensure to thoroughly research where you are buying from, and that the type of tile is suitable for your particular application.

Ultimately, there is the possibility of some tiles getting scratched easily and wearing down quickly, particularly where an unsuitable material is selected for a particular purpose.

To avoid the excessive wear and tear of brand new tiles, you should consider whether your tiles are being used for indoor or outdoor use and whether the tiles need to withstand heavy foot traffic.

In addition, you should consider the grade of the tiles. Grade 1 tiles are extremely high-quality, while grade 2 can have some chips and imperfections. Grade 3 tiles tend to be significantly flawed.

Another thing to think about is the absorption of the tiles. If the tiles have a high absorption rating, they can be more susceptible to staining and further damage. Vitreous tiles is the name given to tiles that offer a standard absorption rate, suitable for low to medium amounts of foot traffic, both indoors and outdoors.

How can a professional tiler help you select your natural stone tiles?

In most cases, a reliable, experienced and qualified tiler can be well-informed about the best place local to you where you can buy natural stone tiles. It is beneficial to buy natural stone tiles from a local dealer, so to keep environmental impact to a minimum.

A professional tiler can also help inform you about the most suitable type of natural stone for your particular project.

Choosing the right tiling training centre

Choosing a tiling training centre

If you”re looking for a career change and your good at DIY then you”re maybe considering a wall and floor tiling course to turn your hobby into a business.

There are a few options to choose from, one is a local college where you would sign up for a two year tiling course, this is a young persons route as if you have bills to pay and mortgage payment to keep up then getting the work in and income will be top of your priorities.

College tends to go at a very slow pace and some colleges have limited resources so materials and tools might be in short supply. College also works towards a qualification and where this might sound good, a lot of your time is spent on passing the actual qualification rather than learning how to tile for a living.

Private Training centres IMG_5423

A private tiling training course is the next option; here you can fast track all the skills required for you to make it in the real world.

Like everything in life there are good and bad so it is essential if your looking at fast track tiling courses that you do your research and find out as much about the provider as possible before you part with your hard earned cash, some courses are just at DIY levels which will teach you only the basics of what to do.


Many people believe that the tiling skills are everything that’s required, These are the people that will fail, the business side of tiling is essential as without the knowledge of how to run a business your tiling skills wont be put to good use as you will have no customers to complete work for.

Tiling Courses

A good quality tiling course will teach you both how to do the job correctly in the fastest time possible but also teach you the self employed business elements of how to take those skills and find your customers along with pricing and measuring their jobs etc.

UK Pro Tiling Training

UK Pro Tiling Training is one of the best in the UK, trading for over 15 years where 1000s of learners from all over the world have attended, every feedback is 5 star positive so if past learners reviews are anything to go by you cant go wrong here.

Everything about tiling for a living is taught at the highest possible standards.

If your looking for a fast track tiling course then check out their website for more information

How to become a tiler

Laying ceramic floor tiles - man hands marking tile to be cut, closeupTiling is often a career that people go into at an older age. After all, the process of laying tiles is not taught in schools. That’s why tiling courses, accessible to those who have been out of the learning environment and trained in other disciplines, are extremely important for those looking to start a new career in tiling.

Tiling is essentially a career that, despite popular opinion, is not just for builders, painters and decorators, neither is it unsuitable for women. In fact, people go into tiling from a range of different working backgrounds and there are many successful and well-established female tilers, as well as tilers who have work backgrounds that are completely disassociated with the tiling industry, like retail and catering. Ultimately, a good tiling course produces great tilers, no matter what their age, background or experience.

If you”re thinking about becoming a tiler, then here’s how to do it.

Do your research

First of all, try to get to grips with what a tiling career actually involves, particularly if you”re planning on setting up your own business.

You may think, at first, tiling is simply a case of buying the tiles, laying them and that’s it, job done. In actual fact, there is a lot of behind the scenes work involved in a tiling project, from establishing a business plan, to gaining clients, measuring up, ensuring you meet client expectation, the tiling job itself and client feedback.

It would be useful to research the day-to-day work of a tiler, how much they tend to earn and what you can expect from a tiling career.

Some tasks involved in tiling are: Setting out the area to be tiled, cutting tiles, preparing the area to be tiled and the tiling process of fixing the tiles itself.

How to become a tiler

Although there are no set requirements to become a tiler by law, it is essential that you have a qualification in wall and floor tiling in order to be able to practice as a reliable and effective tiler.

It is possible to become a tiler by gaining an apprenticeship alongside practical experience, however, many people choose to complete a professional tiling course.

Consider your strengths and weaknesses

There are certain skills that are involved with tiling and, ultimately, you should consider whether you are strong with practical tasks, can follow design patterns, can complete tasks accurately and to a good level of detail, have the mathematical ability to calculate costs and quantities of materials, and can provide good customer service. You’ll also need to be fairly creative and be able to keep your paperwork and accounts up-to-date.

Find a good tiling course

Essentially, a good tiling course leads to a good tiler. At UK Pro Tiling Training, we have an array of professional tiling courses that can stand you in good stead for a tiling career. Many past students often write back to us detailing their experience of building up their tiling business after training with us and their recent successes.

Make an effort

Finding a good tiling course is, of course, just one element of the journey to become a tiler. It is no good half-heartedly turning-up to the practical and theory sessions, instead it is important to make an effort and learn all you can while you have the opportunity.

Be confident

When you have completed your tiling course and qualified as a tiler, be confident to use your skills and expertise. You may need to advise your customers about the best way to deal with the job in hand, perhaps providing advice on materials, costs, complications and how long you think the project will take.

Finally, don’t be afraid to carry out further research when you have qualified and keep enhancing your skills. Additionally, you should feel confident to contact your tiling tutor, even when you are in business, if you feel there is anything they could help you with. At UK Pro Tiling Training, we make sure that we are in touch with our tilers once they are qualified and available if there are any further questions.  Visit to find out more.

Can anyone become a wall and floor tiler

Can anyone become a tiler?

Tiling can be a great career choice, just think of all the floors, bathrooms and cloakrooms in peoples businesses and houses, you could be tiling these projects yourself with some quality training under your belt from a professional tiling course.

Skills required to become a tiler.

No prior tiling skills is necessary if you want to take a fast track course but the following skills are good to have.

Patients is a good skill to have as tiling is all about attention to details making sure you get all your tiles fixed squarely and your cuts measured accurately.

Good DIY skills, it is beneficial to have a natural ability to do jobs with your hands as tiling is very manual, thinking out situations and solving problems is also a good skill to have.

General fitness, tiling can get quite physical especially if you have to carry your customer’s tiles and products into their property from your van or from a customer’s garage.

Maths skills, in tiling you will be calculating areas and pricing jobs so being good with numbers is a big help.

Communications skills, talking and having good interpersonal skills will be of benefit when dealing with your potential customers.


Tradesman’s wages are set to rise significantly in the next few years due to supply and demand, currently there is a massive shortfall of professional tilers, couple this up with around 1million houses which need to be built in the next 3 years then you have a trade where people will pay high rates for you to get the work done.

Some tilers are making in excess of £60K per year from a job which they enjoy doing getting satisfaction from seeing the end results from their tile fixing.

How can you learn the tiling trade.

There are a few professional fast track tiling courses, UK Pro Tiling Training is one of the very best, they have pro tiling courses ranging from 1-3 weeks which are suitable for anyone with no prior tiling experience, here you can fast track your way to a new lucrative career, there is also a full business start up program included so you will not only learn how to tile correctly, you will also learn how to find work, price and estimate areas, deal with backgrounds and prepare them all wrapped up in one course.

Interested of becoming a wall and floor tiler then visit for more information or call 0333 335 0604

How to find work as a wall and floor tiler

How to find work as a wall and floor tiler

Learning to tile is great and after attending a good quality tiling course you may be wondering what to do next with your skills.

Some tilers can earn up to £50-60K per year, heres what you need to do to find the business.

How to find work


The key to any successful business is marketing; here are some ways to get in the business. As you know by now that floors will be the most profitable jobs so concentrate on finding these first, then go for the Kitchen splash backs with kitchen floors, trying to leave bathrooms as the last job you want to do.

When doing the below always make sure you ask for and are talking to the one that can make a decision to give you the business.


  • Get yourself around all the conservatory suppliers including any window fitters that you can find and pitch your services, you need to make contact with as many tradesman as you can find. If need be offer them a £ kick back for every one they pass onto you. Ask who is the plasterer that finishes off the conservatory as he will be the last tradesman in contact with the owner, give him a £drink for each one he passes on, make sure he has your business cards to give out.
  • Shop fitters, try and find these tradesman who are currently doing or going to refit out a shop, these shops will usually have tiles down on the floors.
  • Floor screeding service tradesman, again like above these tradesman do floors that maybe ready for tiling soon.


  • Kitchen shops are the first port of call here, get into every one you can find and pitch your services with cards and flyers.
  • Kitchen fitters and joiners are the ones here; the customer will always ask them for a tiler after they have finished installing the kitchen.
  • Electricians also rewire a lot of kitchen sockets and bathroom down lighters, tiling will always follow this service, so find those electricians, offer to take their card always and say you will also pass work onto them, this goes for every tradesman.


  • Bathroom showrooms and plumbers merchants and also the actual plumbing tradesman is how you will get these jobs.

Tile shops

Tile shops obviously sell loads of tiles and will be asked all the time to recommend a tiler, so it is really important that you get in with the sales and counter staff.

  • Facebook. It is absolutely essential that you set up a business page on here and promote yourself with pictures and testimonials, make sure you put your contact number after every post.
  • Church parish magazines (around £20), visit your local church and ask them if they do a monthly mag then ask them about advertising in it, there are a lot of people will trust you from this route as people that are church goes like other people the same.
  • Estate agents / Letting agents, These are always looking for handy men for the property developers on their books as well as the houses that are not selling due to the in need for updating.
  • Insurance companies will always be looking for tradesman to correct damaged properties, fires, floods etc. Ring up the insurance companies and ask who to speak to about getting work sub contracted to you.
  • Checked and Vetted / Rated Tradesman etc. These work very well, ring them up and ask them what and how they charge for getting referrals to customers.
  • Other tradesman, plumbers, electricians, decorators and plasterers.
  • Paper shops, Newspapers.
  • Vehicle sign essential, this is essential get a van and make sure it says what you do which is tiling services and your contact numbers.
  • Google, this is a powerful one now, it creates hot leads, first you need a website that will start to get good natural rankings in Google, this will take time so you can jump the queue and go straight to the top with a PPC (pay per click) campaign.
  • Make sure you offer credit card facilities, look for how you can process card payments with a mobile card machine.

If you get all these above in action you will have more work than you can handle.

UK Pro Tiling Training offer fast track career changing tiling courses where you can learn to tile professionally without the timescales of completing an apprenticeship.

The course offers advanced tiling skills as well as how to run a business, price and find work so you are ready for your customers after you leave.

Please visit for more information or call Tracey on 0333 335 0604

How to Grout

How Do You Grout Tiles?

Before you start your tiling project, it’s vital you have a strong understanding of how to grout tiles before you even pick up your trowel. After all, the most expensive, pristine and unique tiles can be ruined when they’re grouted in an improper fashion.

Want to add a colourful splashback to your kitchen? Looking to lay tile on your bathroom floor? Its essential you know how to mix tile grout, so you can seal the tiles in place properly to protect them from moisture and dirt. Happily, grout is simple and quick to apply and by reading our easy step-by-step guide on how to do grouting, you’ll achieve a professional finish effectively, in no time at all.

We have all the information you need, right here, all in one place. Read on for tiling expertise.

To clear up any confusion, grout is commonly misspelled ‘graut’ or ‘grauting’. We can confirm the correct spelling is ‘grout’ or ‘grouting’.

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Here at UK Pro Tiling Training, we’re experts when it comes to how to grout tiles. Have a look at the following advice about applying grout to tiles for a professional finish.

Grouting Tiles: The Basics

When it comes to understanding how to grout tiles, grouting tiles is the same no matter what type of tile you’re using and whether you are deciphering how to tile a wall or a floor.

You can buy grout that arrives in powder form and mix it with water yourself or you may want to buy grout thats pre-mixed and immediately ready to use. Whatever type of grout you choose, be sure you have got enough grout to complete the job.

Of course, you will need to use a waterproof grout in areas where its possible for water to get onto the tiles, however, so long as you ensure the joints between the tiles are filled thoroughly, your grout will sufficiently hold the tiles in place, whether you’re using ceramic, porcelain, natural stone tiles or another tile material. 

What You will Need for Grouting Tiles
  • A trowel
  • Grout – either ready-mix or one you mix with water yourself
  • A sponge
  • A small bucket for water
  • A cloth
  • A grout shaper
  • You’ll also need grout cleaner and a grout rake if you are replacing old grout
How to Put Grout on Tile: The Steps


It’s important to know how to mix tile grout. If you are using powdered grout, pour a small amount of water into a bucket. Then use a stick to stir it, making sure you continue adding the grout and stirring until you achieve a consistency that resembles whipped ice cream.


When it comes to how to apply tile grout to a wall, firstly, apply a minimum amount of grout to the front surface of the tiles with a trowel and spread it with a grout spreader. The best technique to use is to adopt long strokes that have an upwards and diagonal direction, making sure it spreads completely in between the joints of your tiles.

It’s important you aim to grout all the tile joints as fast as possible, as the grout will start to harden on application.

TOP TIP: Avoid adding water to make the grout spread easily as it weakens the grouting.


Once you have grouted all the tiles, wipe the tiles with a damp sponge or cloth to remove any excess grout, being careful not to wipe over the grout in the joints. Hard grout will be difficult to remove.


Once you have removed the excess grout and all the tiles are grouted in place, you can finish off the joints between the tiles by using a grout shaper.

TOP TIP: The best method to adopt when using a grout scraper is to pull the grout shaper over the joints in one long movement. If you notice any small gaps become apparent in the joints, simply press in a small amount of extra grout with the end of your finger. Again, any excess grout will need to be wiped off with a damp sponge. In addition, a damp, soft cloth with wipe off any marks from where your grout has dried for a perfect, and professional, finish.

How to Replace Old Grout

Replacing old grout can instantly make tiles look as good as new, as grout can often become stained due to excess water and soaps in bathrooms, and food spillages etc. in the kitchen.

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Minor stains and bacterial growth can be removed using a grout cleaner. However, tougher stains and seriously worn grout will probably need replacing.

You can replace old grout by scraping out your existing grout with a grout rake, first working vertically, followed by working horizontally. Be careful not to scratch your tiles.

Make sure you remove all the grout, and then replace it with new grout, following the steps on how to grout tiles above if you are unsure of how to use grout.

Need More Tiling Tips?

Whether you want to know how to apply tile grout professionally, how to repair a cracked tile, how to tile with metro tiles or are just curious about how to maximise your earnings as a tiler, be sure to check out our handy how to guides on our website, which cover a wide range of topics.

And keep an eye on our blog for more must-know tips and tricks when it comes to tiling. Discover all sorts of topics, including how do you mix grout to guides on multi-coloured wall tiles.

Tips for Floor Tiling

A successfully tiled floor undoubtedly makes for a great interior, while tiling that is, shall we say, a little rough around the edges can ruin a rooms aesthetics.

Ultimately, the key to a good tiling job is planning, preparation and precision. Therefore, UK Pro Tiling Training have put together the following tips for floor tiling, to guide you through the process of laying floor tiles for maximum tiling efficiency and success.


Step 1: Make sure you have all the equipment you need before you start.

Have all the tools and equipment you need out and ready-to-hand. Have your equipment organised so that you know exactly where everything is, and it isn’t all spread out across the room.

After all, the last thing you want, is to begin tiling and realise you don’t have an essential tiling tool in your tool box. Neither will you want to walk over your freshly laid tiles to pick up a piece of equipment.

You’ll need the following checklist of equipment for laying floor tiles:


  • Floor tiles
  • Grout
  • Silicone sealant
  • Cement floor tile adhesive
  • SBR Acrylic primer

Protective Kit, PPE

  • Safety goggles or glasses
  • Dust/respiratory mask
  • Knee Pads 


  • 10mm or 12mm notched trowel
  • Tile marker
  • Tile spacers
  • Tile file
  • Tile cutter (manual and electric)
  • Grout float
  • Grout finisher/shaper
  • Spirit level
  • Sponge
  • Soft cloths
  • Junior hacksaw (for door thresholds)

Step 2: Prepare your existing floor.

As with all DIY projects, preparation is a key part of laying floor tiles and can make the difference between well-laid floor tiling and a mediocre job.

Calculate the number of tiles you need

Firstly, you should calculate the correct quantity of tiles to buy. You can do this by measuring the length x width of the room in metres, positioning the key tile before you get started for a view of tile size. Whats more, you should always buy 10% more tiles than you need to allow for any errors, wrongly cut tiles or underestimated measurements. You do not, after all, want a beautifully tiled floor that has tiles missing.

Clean and prepare the floor for tiling

Next, you should clean the concrete that will form your floor base, and strengthen any timber flooring with 6mm cement boards or 12mm exterior ply screwed down every 300mm.

If you have existing floor tiles, don’t forget that new tiles can be laid over old vinyl tiles, as long as you coat the old tiles with a suitable acrylic primer.

Step 3: Laying the floor tiles

When laying your floor tiles, you should start in the centre of the room, and plan to finish by the exit, so that you don’t need to walk over your freshly laid tiles when the floor is covered.

It is worth noting that, if you need to keep using the room that you are tiling, (perhaps it is your kitchen, for example), tile half the room at a time.

Before applying the adhesive, you should place the tiles on you floor so that you can see how they are going to sit. This prevents mistakes from the beginning of the process. After all, you don’t want to apply the tiles unevenly.

Spread the adhesive

When you are ready to apply the floor tiles, spread the adhesive evenly across the floor, over roughly a square metre of the floor surface, using a 10-12mm notched trowel. Spread the adhesive with the smooth side of the trowel, then use the serrated edge to lay the tiles.

Lay the floor tiles

Start by placing the key tile securely, then work outwards working in blocks of four. Fit plastic tile 3mm spacers between each tile to ensure an equal gap between each, really press them in so they are hidden and below the surface.

Don’t forget, if you are using wider tiles, you’ll need a wider space between them up to 5 mm.

Use a spirit level

Check that your laid tiles are level using a spirit level.

Continue tiling until you have covered the area of the floor you set out to cover, and use a sponge to wipe off adhesive as you go (before the adhesive dries onto the tiles). 

Step 4: Cutting tiles and fitting edges

Use the correct PPE

Before cutting any tiles, make sure that you are using the necessary Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and think primarily about your safety.

Measure the required tile size

In order to know the size that you’ll need to cut your edging tiles to, you’ll need to measure how large the edging tiles need to be. You can so this by drawing a line with a tile marker.

Cutting and filing the tile

Cut along marked line with tile cutter and smooth the edge with tile file. When laying the edging tile, you can use tile spacers for alignment, just the same as the process of laying the whole tiles. 

Step 5: Grouting the floor tiles

Use a grout float

When it comes to grouting your laid floor tiles, make sure you have enough grout for the whole surface area of your floor. Apply the grout to the spaces between the tiles using a grout float, use the rubber surface to press the grout downwards so it is level.

Wipe off surplus grout

It is important to wipe away surplus grout with a damp sponge as you go. You can also smooth the grout over with a grout finisher.

Allow grout to harden

When you have grouted the whole floor, it is essential that you avoid walking on the floor until the grout has hardened.

Apply silicon sealant

When the grout is dry (check the instructions of the particular grout that you are using for the required period of drying time), clean your floor again and apply the silicon sealant. You only need to apply the silicon sealant between the tiled floor and the edge of the wall or skirting board. The sealant will prevent openings between the tile edge and the skirting board and produce a neater finish.


A door threshold can be screwed down to cover the edging join at doorways, or be fixed in place using a suitable adhesive. You may want to use a junior hacksaw to cut down and fit wooden, or metal, thresholds.

Polish the floor

Polish your completed floor, to remove any dust, grout, adhesive or other unwanted dirt. Until your freshly tiled floor is completely dry, it is best to avoid constant and heavy use. 

Contact us at UK Pro Tiling Training

If you would like any more information about floor tiling or have any questions about our floor tiling tips, then please do not hesitate to contact us!